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WASH in Schools in Emergencies [closed]

related country: Fiji
related country: Fiji

UNICEF Pacific team has been seeking support on guidance for WASH in Schools with the recent tropical cyclone Winston event devastating more than 265 schools in Fiji. As the country returns to respond and also get school back online- we would like assistance with some of our programming questions along issues such as: WASH in schools and temporary latrines in schools and also with some advice around hygiene promotion and education? we have some very good guidance from colleagues in Philippines but would like to reach out and seek further advice or potential gaps? again with best from Fiji

Closed for the following reason the question is answered, right answer was accepted by rodneyplui
close date 2016-12-19 20:12:08.062788

3 Answers

kabindra pudasaini
Claire Grayson

In WaterAid Nepal (WAN), for WASH in Schools in emergencies as part of a relief program from different partners we have provided mainly hygiene materials and some water purification materials. WAN has been providing a recovery program in Schools under our four different objectives. WAN has been constructing and providing rehabilitation in school water supply systems, main focus in providing children safe water after the earthquake. WAN has provided Bio Sand Filters along with a school children awareness program for point of use methods. After the earthquake, we have been constructing resilient toilets, providing more priority for gender,disability. During toilet construction, installing Sanitation Pad Incineration units, providing training to make sanitation pad even for school children after the disaster. Development of school children's club for WASH promotion activities as a good example in earthquake affected areas. Some legal experiences on School WASH in Nepal are as follows:
Government of Nepal (GoN) has committed to ensure access to safe drinking water and sanitation for all in Nepal by 2017. GoN in South Asian Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN) IV has committed to raise the profile of WASH in schools by ensuring every new and existing school at every educational level has functioning, child-friendly and separate toilets for girls and boys, with menstrual hygiene management facilities. GoN in SACOSAN V has committed to prioritize and promote child and disabled friendly services and menstrual hygiene management in schools and monitor this in standards, design, delivery and monitoring. School Sector Reform Plan 2009-15 (SSRP) envisages minimum enabling conditions in all schools that cater for the diverse needs (physical and learning environment) of students.

National Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan (NSHMP) of Nepal - 2011 brought the concept of total sanitation, which is a range of facilities and hygiene behaviors that lead to achieve sanitized condition of the designated areas (VDC and municipality including settlements, Toles, schools’ catchments, etc). Total Sanitation is expected to achieve a sanitized condition in two phases: i) Open Defecation Free (ODF) Situation and ii) Total Sanitized Post-ODF Situation. i) ODF must be the basic minimum and first criteria of total sanitation. One of the indicators/criteria for Open Defecation Free (ODF) is that all the schools must have toilet facilities. ii) Total Sanitized Post-ODF Situation phase includes all arrangements leading to sustainable hygiene and sanitation facilities and behaviors. One of the indicators suggested to ensure a Total Sanitation situation is achieved in the given area is that all schools must have Child, Gender and Disable (CGD) friendly water, toilet and hand washing (with soap station) facilities including menstrual hygiene facilities. Schools must have garbage pit facilities within the school premise. They also should keep their premises in clean and hygienic condition.


My apologies on not getting back to you sooner- this information was so very useful and very much appreciated especially in light of the approach to work closely with communities and also the govt lead through the Ministry of Education- Vinaka Vakalevu for the great assistance

rodneyplui gravatar imagerodneyplui ( 2016-12-19 20:13:20 )

You may find it useful, one of the best practical handbook for humanitarian assistance. :)

Harriette Purchas

Rodney, there is much information available to give you support and many people willing to offer advice also! I would recommend two documents to support your team:

  • Engineering in Emergencies and

  • the All in Diary (a brilliant concise refresher of many key issues)

both of which can be downloaded through this link []. If you have a specific question for which you would like support please post it here on KnowledgePoint.

All the best for your recovery efforts in Fiji.



Harriette, Thank you again for this information we indeed had a Red R colleague who was in our office under surge support work and it was great to also have her share some insights into this very same work and also information. Vinaka once more Rodney

rodneyplui gravatar imagerodneyplui ( 2016-12-19 20:14:31 )