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RedR TSS gravatar image

All the bullets are "indicators" from Sphere Standard and it may be good to go back to Sphere itself to also read the guidance notes which are really helpful / contextual .... for example Sphere is qualitative and the indicators can be varied in some cases ..Its actually a bit of a fallacy to consider these as specific, which is the point made by Sphere. For example the 20 users can rise to 50 in some cases as we were obliged to operate briefly in Sri Lanka.. Sphere also suggests a ratio of male to female toilets and quite a lot else. Without a doubt the WASH cluster on the ground will know Sphere upside down, and as a cluster will likely be agreeing on the ground interpretations.

Sphere also makes some recommendations about lighting for security.

As a practical point be careful of bright internal lighting if the latrine is plastic sheet ... nice silhouettes form that are not very private. Internal lighting will also attract insects vectors more where as a security light outside that diffuses into the latrine is less likely to attract insects inside the latrine, will tend to keep insects more outside, and because it is outside may be less likely stolen or placed so it is harder to reach or easier to see someone taking it.

Kerosene is not ideal in most circumstances but if all else is failed ..... a well trimmed kerosene lamp is estimated to give up to 30 / 35 hours light per litre of kerosene.

Distance between male and female latrines will likely be a local issue, and it may not be so much a matter of distance ..... but of screening for privacy and dignity, ........ or separating latrines or the walking paths to them for security.


Chris Nixon